by Jack Le Moine As the Dark Age's lowest point, France and the rest of Europe fails to defend their people against the Vikings' ravages.
Today's installment concludes Empire of the Franks Splits and Decays, our selection from the Earliest Times by François P. G. Guizot published in
It ended when the Vikings were bought off and the Emperor deposed. Continuing Empire of the Franks Splits and Decays, our selection from A Popular
In November, 885, under the reign of Charles the Fat, after having, for more than forty years, irregularly ravaged France, they resolved to unite
The greatest sign of the decline of western civilization was the inability to launch a navy to stop the Vikings. Continuing Empire of the Franks